How to Create Advanced Isometric Illustrations Using the SSR Method

How to Create Advanced Isometric Illustrations Using the SSR Method

What You’ll Be Creating

This is the second part of a series of tutorials I’m doing about creating isometric illustrations in Adobe Illustrator. If you missed that first tutorial, I suggest you start with Working with Orthographic Projections and Basic Isometrics. Let’s get started!

Get inspired! Create epic designs with Isometric Illustrations from Envato Market.

Find more vector isometric tutorials and resources, over on our popular article:

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Introduction

In the last tutorial, I covered how to make an isometric grid and build simple blocky shapes on it. In this tutorial, I’m going to talk about another method of creating isometric shapes that doesn’t require a grid and is much more useful if your objects are complex or curvy.

When creating a complicated isometric illustration, it’s best to begin by breaking down your object into its simplest parts. This will help to make the project more approachable. It’s possible to make the most complex objects entirely on an isometric grid using the method I discussed in the last tutorial. There is another method that is much more useful for creating curvy or complex isometric objects in Adobe Illustrator. I’m going to call this method scale, shear, rotate, or SSR.

The basic idea behind the SSR method is that by using tools in Adobe Illustrator, you can place an object onto an isometric plane without using a grid. This method is most useful for curvy or complex objects, but it will work for anything. I’ll begin simply by making an isometric cube. Follow the steps below for the SSR Method.

Follow along with us over on our Envato Tuts+ YouTube channel:


1. How to Create an Isometric Cube

Step 1

Create a 4-inch square with your Rectangle Tool.

rectangle tool

Step 2

With the square selected, double-click on your Scale tool. Scale the square 86.062% vertically.

scale tool

Step 3

With your object selected, double-click on the Shear tool and shear the object 30 degrees.

shear tool

Step 4

With the object selected, double-click on the Rotate tool and rotate it -30 degrees. You have now created the top of your cube.

rotate tool

Step 5

To create the left side of the cube, begin with a 4-inch square. Scale vertically 86.062%, Shear -30 degrees, and Rotate -30 degrees.

left side

Step 6

Use the Selection Tool (black arrow) to line up the front corner with the top of the cube.

To create the right side of the cube, begin with a 4-inch square. Scale vertically 86.062%, Shear 30 degrees, and Rotate 30 degrees.

right side

Step 7

Next, move the pieces into place with your Selection Tool. You have now created an isometric cube without using a grid.

Create an Isometric Cube

The power of this method becomes apparent when you try to create an object that would be very difficult to construct on a grid. This method only works if you have a set of orthographic projections to work with.


2. How to Make a Stratocaster Using the SSR Method

For this example I’m going to build the body of a guitar. To make this complex shape in isometric using only a grid would be a challenge. The complex curves and compound shapes would be very difficult to recreate accurately.

Step 1

There are many ways to make an orthographic projection, depending on your object. You can look online for a set of blueprints, you could trace a photo, and if you own the object you could take it apart and measure it. Use whatever method works best for your project.

One quick Google search, and I’ve found the perfect set of factory blueprints for the “62 vintage re-issue Fender Stratocaster.” These blueprints are much more detailed than I need, but you can be as precise as you’d like for your own projects. Having too much information about your object is never a bad thing.

blueprint

Step 2

Trace your blueprints. I’m going to trace just the information I need to complete my isometric, and I’m going to simplify parts of the design.

isometric

Step 3

Once you’ve chosen your orientation, you can scale, shear, rotate (SSR) your bottom plane.

scale shear rotate SSR
SSR method
SSR method
SSR method

You can check your work by comparing any edges that in the orthographic are 90 degrees or 180 degrees. These edges will now fall onto an isometric grid; they will either be on the 30-degree or 150-degree angle.

SSR method

Step 4

Now that you’ve created your base, you have something to work from. If you take the side view of the orthographic and scale, shear, rotate (SSR) it onto the isometric plane, you can figure out the thickness of the guitar body.

ortographic

Step 5

Line up the bottom edge of the guitar body with the corner of the orthographic side view.

ortographic side view

Step 6

Next, you want to copy the outline of the guitar body and move it up to the top edge of the side view. To do this, use your Selection Tool and click and drag on the edge of the outline. Before letting go, engage the Option key to make a copy. You should also use the Shift key to constrain the movement. Holding the Shift key while moving the shape will ensure it stays lined up with the original.

isometric guitar

Step 7

Now, you’ve blocked out the top and bottom planes of the guitar body. The next step is to cut out the spot where the neck is inset. Start by connecting the top and bottom planes of the neck opening so that it’s easier to see the area that you are working on.

isometric guitar

Step 8

Using the side view, you can mark off how deep the neck cutaway goes into the body. You now have three planes: the top, bottom, and depth of the cutaway.

isometric guitar
isometric guitar

Step 9

The next step is to use the Scissors tool to cut away all the excess lines you don’t need anymore. This is often the hardest part for an artist new to technical drawing. All the overlapping lines and shapes can be overwhelming. But if you take your time and start with the big, clear shapes, it will help to clean up the more complex areas.

scissors tool

Step 10

After clearing away all the lines you don’t need anymore, connect your corners and finish the shapes.

connect corner

Add some line quality, and you’re finished.

Create an Isometric Guitar

Conclusion

You have now finished the body of the guitar. You could continue and complete the entire guitar—the same steps would apply for each part. This is an example of an exploded isometric of a Stratocaster I did a few years ago with this method.

Isometric SSR Method

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Isometric Screen Generator

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SmartIcon Generator 2 - Isometric 3D Icons

Want to Learn More?

Learn more about isometric vector art with these tutorials and resources:

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    Quick Tip: How to Create an Isometric Grid in Less Than 2 Minutes!
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    How to Create a Minecraft Character in Affinity Designer
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  • Tools & Tips
    Quick Tip: How to Draw Isometric Circles in Adobe Illustrator
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